Plants of the Grasslands
Grass is the dominant vegetation, but there are also many wild flowers like prairie rose, gumweed, gumbo primrose, spiderwort, golden rod, clover, wild indigo, and coneflower in the grasslands.
Because there are so many plants in the grasslands, there also has to be something to keep bringing new nutrients into the soil.
To do that job there are the decomposers like termites, beetles, and worms. There are also the consumers like deer, giraffes, and zebras, that eat plants to make room for new ones to grow. The plants they eat are known as producers because they produce the food the consumers eat. When either plants or animals die the decomposers are there to turn them back into rich soil for the grass to grow on and keep the cycle going.
photo courtesy of picfind2.bloguez.com
The food chain is a very important part of the grasslands ecosystym. Without food chains the grasslands would collapse, which is why it is important to protect every kind of animal and not let them become endangered or extinct.
Animals of the Grasslands
The grasslands are home to many amazing animals. Each continent has its own assortment of creatures. In the prairies of North America you may find bison, elk, jack rabbits, prairie dogs, burrowing owls, golden eagles, coyotes, badgers, and much more. Animals such as elephants, giraffes, zebras, lions, mice, and ground squirrels live in the great African Savanah. In Australia there are kangaroos. The grasslands are a very important habitat where many animals live.
Big or small, each animal does its part in keeping the grasslands healthy.The burrowing animals help to air out the soil making it a better place for grass to grow. Grazing animals eat the grass and make more room for new plants to grow. Carnivores such as hawks, coyotes, and lions, eat the smaller animals so that a single species doesn't overpopulate the grasslands.
Little beetles and other decomposers turn dead organisms back into rich soil for the grass to grow on.The animals are all doing there part to keep the grasslands healthy. If you want to help too, you can go to the tab Human Impact and find simple ways to support the grasslands.